Quantification of mycobacterial proteins in extrapulmonary tuberculosis cases by nano-based real-time immuno-PCR - Suppl figures
Aim: Diagnosis of extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) is difficult, and a rapid and dependable diagnostic test is urgently needed. Methods: A nano-based assay, SYBR Green magnetic bead-coupled gold nanoparticle-based real-time immuno-polymerase chain reaction (MB-AuNP-RT-I-PCR) was studied for the quantitative detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis MPT-64+CFP-10 proteins in clinically suspected EPTB patients. Results: A wide range (270 fg/ml–9.9 ng/ml) of MPT-64+CFP-10 was quantified by MB-AuNP-RTI- PCR in EPTB cases, whereas magneto-ELISA demonstrated a narrow range (1.8–10 ng/ml). Furthermore, high sensitivity (88.2%) and specificity (100%) were attained by MB-AuNP-RT-I-PCR in EPTB (n = 51) and non-TB control (n = 49) subjects, respectively. Both MB-AuNP-I-PCR/magneto-ELISA exhibited significantly lower (p < 0.05–0.01) sensitivities than MB-AuNP-RT-I-PCR. Conclusion: The MB-AuNP-RT-I-PCR described herein shows good diagnostic accuracy, which may translate into a credible diagnostic kit.
Plain language summary: Extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) is a type of tuberculosis disease caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) that affect other regions of the body, rather than the lungs. Detecting EPTB is difficult, and a fast and reliable test is needed. This study developed a test based on a small particle, known as a nanoparticle, to identify Mtb in people with EPTB. The test shows good accuracy and could be used for routine testing.