Supplementary table 1 - Serum CDC42 reflects the exacerbation risk and severity, Th1/2 cell imbalance and inflammation in asthmatic children
Aim: To explore the clinical implication of serum CDC42 in asthmatic children. Materials & methods: Serum CDC42 from 80 asthmatic children experiencing exacerbation, 80 asthmatic children in remission and 40 healthy controls was detected by ELISA. Results: CDC42 was highest in asthmatic children experiencing exacerbation followed by asthmatic children in remission and healthy controls (p < 0.001). Among asthmatic children experiencing exacerbation, CDC42 positively correlated with exacerbation severity (p = 0.011), Th2 (p = 0.017), TNF-α (p < 0.001), IL-6 (p = 0.009) and IL-8 (p = 0.008) and negatively correlated with Th1/Th2 ratio (p = 0.028). In asthmatic children in remission, CDC42 correlated with lower Th1/Th2 ratio (p = 0.028) and higher TNF-α (p = 0.026). In healthy controls, CDC42 showed no correlationwith Th1/2 or inflammatory cytokines. Conclusion: Circulating CDC42 reflects exacerbation risk, Th1/2 imbalance and inflammation in asthmatic children.