Supplementary Information Specimens' collection information

Table S1 The u values and the z values for all gypsy moth samples

Table S2 The u values of some samples in this study

Table S3 The z values of some samples in this study

Table S4 The ratio of u values and the ratio of z values for the folded and spread specimens

Table S5 The ratio of the u values and the ratio of z values for formalin-fixed larvae and air-dried adult specimens

Table S6 All primers used in this study